On the highest system level of viticulture, global trends and political decisions exert their most important influence. Climate changes, Energy transition and globalization are forces that can impact viticulture worldwide. The ability to continuously adapt to these dynamic developments is essential for the success of vineyard businesses. The rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns due to global climate changes have noticeable effects on viticulture. The ripening period of grapes, the quality of wine, and the spread of pests and diseases are affected. To meet these challenges and understand the consequences for one’s own business, it is crucial to implement a systematic monitoring and analysis of climate changes.
The individual levels are interconnected and mutually influence each other.
Monitoring and Adjustment Measures
- The foundation for successful monitoring lies in comprehensive data on relevant parameters.
- Key data sources include temperature, precipitation, sunlight exposure, and wind strength.
- Data can originate from various sources, including weather stations, satellite data, or sensors in the vineyards.
- The collected data must be carefully analyzed to identify trends and patterns.
- The application of statistical methods and Artificial Intelligence (AI) facilitates comprehensive evaluation.
Derivation of Measures
Based on the data analysis, targeted measures can be derived to address the challenges posed by global climate changes. Adjustments in cultivation methods, irrigation techniques, or the selection of grape varieties may be necessary. Monitoring global climate changes enables vineyard enterprises to proactively respond to evolving environmental conditions. Through the implementation of the described measures, companies can not only understand the impacts but also develop timely adaptation strategies. Data collection, analysis, and the derivation of measures are essential tools to make viticulture sustainable and future-proof. In a changing environment, adaptability is a key factor for the long-term success of vineyard enterprises.